Petra Jordan is one of the most magnificent ancient cities on earth. The ruins of Petra really do live up to the hype.
We saw it for the first time in the dark when we visited Petra Jordan by Night and then went back again the next morning to explore it by day.
About Petra Jordan
Petra is an ancient Nabatean City that was the secret of Jordan for centuries.
Bedouins had used this place since the 3rd century BC, but it lay hidden to outsiders until 200 years ago.
The ancient city was lost for centuries hidden in the Mountains of Wadi Musa from the outside world. It remained so thanks to its entranceway known as The Siq. A high narrow gorge leading to the city. (More on the Siq below).
After a devastating earthquake in 363 AD and then being conquered by the Arabs in the 6th century, it was some time during the 12 century that it was finally abandoned and left to the local people.
Surprisingly, Petra was forgotten by the Western world for centuries. It wasn’t until 1812 that it was “rediscovered” by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.
Today Petra is one of the greatest places to visit on earth.
Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and it was also given the honor as one of the new 7 Wonders of the World! It deserves all of the accolades.
We spent some time exploring the striking ancient city. These are the things that you must make sure to see when you visit Petra.
Petra Jordan Facts and Information
The area of Petra was believed to be inhabited as early as the 9th century BC but the city of Petra is believed to be built sometime in the 3rd Century BC.
The Nabataeans built Petra by carving palaces, tombs and monasteries into the stone cliffs in the 3rd century BC.
When visiting Petra Jordan, you will see The Treasury, the Siq, The Monastery, Royal Tombs and more caves and palaces carved into high sandstone cliffs.
Petra is located in the country of Jordan beside the town of Wadi Musa some 250 km south of Amman – the country’s capital.
Things to See in Petra, Jordan
1. Bab el Siq
This is a walkway taking you from the visitor’s center to the Siq. Be sure to take your time and stop at the Obelisk Tomb.
People don’t give this tomb enough time, but it is impressive being the first tomb that you see.
It’s sort of a smaller, rougher version of the Treasury and is a really cool things to see before we get into the city.
2. The Siq of Petra
The Siq is another name for a gorge.
It is a 1.2 km long passage slicing through rocks reaching 80 meters into the air from the Dam to the Treasury.
It did its job well, hiding this mysterious wonder. Nobody knew where the entrance to Petra was.
Today it is the entrance to the extraordinary ruins of Petra that visitors can either walk down or take a horse and buggy.
3. Djin Blocks
The Djinn Blocks are one of the first monuments you’ll see along your journey to Petra.
They were built in the 1st century AD by the Nabataeans.
Very little is known about the three-block tombs, but it is believed to be funerary monuments.
4. Petra at Night
When visiting Petra, you must go at night to witness this magical experience.
We walked along the Siq following a candlelit path on the original stones of Petra dating back to 1000 BC.
The path ended at the Treasury which is the main attraction of Petra. It is also the spot where Petra at Night takes place.
While the actual performance of traditional music played by a Bedouin in front of the Treasury was less than stellar, the walk through the candlelit Siq to view the legendary ruin was awe-inspiring.
We followed candles lit in paper bags set out by hand, lining our way through the 1.2 km path.
About Petra at Night
- Petra by Night runs every Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday so time your trip to Petra around those days.
- The performance lasts 2-hours.
5. Performance of Petra at Night
The performance didn’t last for long but we felt that it was enough. The experience is more about having the chance to witness Petra at night and to walk through the atmospheric setting.
We lingered behind the crowd and were in step with the people picking up the candles behind us.
It was worth it to feel the complete silence and darkness of Petra as the crowd walked out far ahead.
- Hot tip: Don’t spend too long walking through the Siq, try to get to the front of the crowd for the best views of the performance.
- And be sure to stay after the crowds leave to photograph the Treasury free from shadows and heads.
- Dress warm. Petra is set in a desert environment, so once the sun goes down it gets cold quickly.
6. Take a Horse and Carriage to Petra
After our evening at Petra, we were excited to see it again in the sunlight.
We awoke bright and early to beat the crowds for our leisurely walk along the siq.
While walking up the path, we saw horses run past us.
Later that day, we were told that a horse ride was included in our entrance fee. But then found out you can only take a horse and carriage through the siq.
Horses and buggies take you from the visitor’s center to the entrance of the Siq or return.
7. The Treasury
We spent quite a while at the Treasury as there are so many vantage points to see Petra’s star attraction.
While Dave explored taking photographs, I sat with our guide Ali as he told me the history of Petra.
Little is known about Petra and its history, but here is what Ali told us.
History of Petra Jordan
It was built by the Nabataeans over 2000 years ago when it was an important stop on the Silk Route to China and India.
Petra was a flurry of activity with camel caravans stopping frequently en route to the Far East.
It remained under the Nabataean rule until 100 AD when the Romans invaded.
An earthquake struck Petra in 363 AD and devastated the city. It was slowly abandoned over time until it was finally conquered in 663.
It deteriorated over time as its importance on the trade route became less important and it was eventually lost by the 12th century.
8. Street of Facades
As we venture from the Treasury, the Siq opens up to a wide opening known as the Outer Siq.
It is lined with Nabataean Tombs.
The facades are impressive false faces on the front of the tombs. It’s an incredible sight to see the different stages of erosion causing the sand to look like smooth waves in the desert.
9. High Palace Sacrifice
The high palace of the sacrifice is a half-hour climb to the summit of Attuf Ridge. It is a great spot to walk up upon the cliffs for a better vantage point of the ruins.
Plus, these are one of the best-preserved sacrifice places of any of the ancient cities on earth.
10. View of Petra Al-Khubtha Trail
The best part of exploring Petra is to find pathways for better viewpoints.
This view is from the Al-Khubtha Trail and a side view where kids act as guides to take you to the top are great vantage points for seeing the Treasury.
11. Columns of the Great Temple
The Great Temple is a complex covering 7,560 square meters.
Walking through this complex lets you experience great examples of architectures, facades, and frescoes from the Nabatean period.
12. Royal Tombs
The walk to the Royal Tombs involves scrambling up rocks, ducking through caves and getting lost in passageways.
This route takes us to the top of a stone mountain overlooking the complex.
There are different tombs to see such as the Palace Tomb, Corinthian Tomb, Silk and Urn Tombs.
The Urn Tomb dates back to 70 AD and it was converted into a church in 447 AD.
13. Petra Monastery
To us, The Monastery is the most impressive building of the entire complex.
Reaching 50 metres into the air, The Petra Monastery also the largest in all of Petra.
Dating back to the 1st century B.C. it is worth the 45-minute hike to the top.
Not only will you be treated to this majestic structure, but you will also view magnificent panoramic views of the valleys and rocky landscape of the area of Wadi Araba.
Tips to seeing the Monastery
Don’t waste time upon your arrival to Petra.
You will be tempted to slowly wander around the ruins after witnessing the first and most famous building The Treasury.
Instead, head directly to the Monastery right after the Treasury.
You will want to get there early before the tour groups arrive.
People will tell you to wait until later in the afternoon, but by then it will be too late.
The crowds will have already amassed and you won’t have a chance to see anything in peace and quiet.
Instead, go to the Monastery before noon and you will be able to capture this treasure free and clear.
- Contrary to popular belief, we found the conditions to be perfect for photography.
Once you have checked out the remarkable vistas and viewpoints near the Monastery, you will then be free and clear to enjoy the rest of Petra at your leisure for the rest of the day.
- Tip: You can also hire a donkey to take you up to the Monastery if the climb is too much for you.
14. Petra Theatre
This 3000 seat amphitheater looks to be Roman architecture but was actually build by the Nabateans in the 1st century.
There are countless monuments and it is hard to believe that much of Petra was destroyed during a massive earthquake hundreds of years ago.
15. Rock Tombs and Caves
Imagine what this great city looked like in its prime? Each of these caves were filled with life and laughter.
People no longer live in Petra Caves
But people don’t live in the caves anymore.
After some investigation, we found out that people are no longer allowed to live in the caves and have been moved to a nearby village by the Jordanian government.
16 View at the End of the World
Following the trail from the Petra Monastery, we came upon a sign stating The View of the End of the World.
I’ve always wondered what the end of the world looked like, so we marched on.
This is what the ancient people must have thought was a view of the end of the world.
It doesn’t look like an inviting landscape I would want to explore. But it is certainly beautiful.
17. Views of Petra
There seemed to be nothing beyond the borders of Petra.
One would think that people would see no reason to leave the safety of this secluded city that was once the crown jewel of the Middle East.
Gazing towards the horizon I could almost imagine a camel caravan descending upon the city.
Petra would be a welcoming sight after a long journey through the arid landscape and as I stood atop the mountain, I had visions of the generations who came before me.
What did they think as they stood in this exact location gazing over the desert while admiring the beauty of the monastery below?
18. People of Petra
One of the most popular people in the entire complex is a dashing man who sits in front of the Treasury.
He’s a local Bedouin who lives in the nearby caves.
He is pestered all day long by tourists wanting a photo with him or his camels.
Looking at him, I can understand why.
He is the epitome of what a person thinks of when traveling to an exotic place like Jordan.
His striking eyes peer playfully from behind his keffiyeh (traditional headscarf) as he sits in his long robes beside his decorated camel.
We learn that many people still live in the surrounding ruins and that the families who work in Petra are granted permission to stay there.
19. Wadi Musa
Wadi Musa is the jumping-off point for visiting Petra and it is a shame to miss exploring the town if you are in the area.
Wadi Musa is home to the world’s oldest bar located in a rock tomb dating back 2000 years. Make sure to have a drink at the Cave Bar.
Petra has long been a popular spot on the backpacker trail, so there are plenty of guesthouses, bars, and shops to spend your time exploring the town.
20. Little Petra
Little Petra is better known as Siq al Barid and is often visited in conjunction with a tour of Petra.
It is much smaller than Petra (hence the name) but it is also reached by walking through a siq and it is believed to have been the suburbs of Petra.
The main attraction here is the Frescoes and the fact that it is much quieter and less busy than Petra making for a quiet escape.
And that is everything we did and saw at Petra Jordan. If you have the chance to visit this ancient city, take it.
It was one of the most impressive ruins we have ever visited.
Hot Tip for Visiting Petra – Don’t Arrive Too Early
It turned out, we needed the extra time to walk along the Siq because we arrived at the Treasury too early.
We had to wait for the sun to make its way over the high cliffs. So it gave us extra time to explore the Siq and its monuments along the way.
Be sure to look on the ground to find the water canals along the route used for drainage.
The crowd was sparse at this time of the day so we managed to really get the chance to explore it free from too many bodies.
Most History of Petra is Speculation
Ali told me that much of what we know about Petra is speculation.
The Treasury was named so because it was believed to have treasures hidden inside.
They say, the Bedouins used to shoot at the facade because they thought that Pharaoh put his gold and treasures there.
The official from Petra Jordan tourism told Dave that even his father used to shoot at it.
You can still see the bullet holes on its facade today.
Petra Jordan in the Movies
In 1989, Hollywood chose Petra as a film location for Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
Most recently we have seen Petra featured in Transformers Revenge of the Fallen.
Other movies that used Petra for a location are The Mummy Returns, Queen of the Desert, Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, Samsara, Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger.
Ricky Gervais’ Idiot Abroad stopped in at Petra Jordan too!
Book Your Petra Tours
Get Your Guide is a great company offering tours and discounts – check out these tours to Petra.
From Amman, Full Day tour – This tour leaves from Amman for a full-day tour of Petra. It includes the 800-meter horse ride that we missed and entrance fees to Petra.
Petra 2 Day Overnight Tour – This overnight tour from Amman gives you a four-hour guide at Petra, transportation from Amman and overnight accommodation. This is a great choice for those wanting more time at Petra to possibly explore Petra by night.
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For more information on Travel to Jordan visit our Jordan Travel Guide. Our trip to Petra was in partnership with Visit Jordan.
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